Social and Economic Science
Number 2 ē 2017 is published
 
Ļ 3†† 2013†„.†††† Read the entire issue (.pdf)

Sukharev O. S.†† Economic Theory of Efficiency: Existing Problems and Opportunities


The problems of the economic theory of efficiency, with a particular attention to the problem of maximum efficiency, surplus and exchange in economic science are examiner in the article. The author argues that confirm the need for information, the conditions of maximum efficiency of the institutions, the impact of a given function in the economic system to put the system with decreasing on increasing returns. The article also defines the conditions of exchange between the two agents.

 

Key words: surplus; efficiency; Wicksell – Lindahl balance; optimality conditions; maximum efficiency; Pareto efficiency; communication between agents.


Kolbachev E. B., Fleischer K.†† Quality Management Systems as the Means for Development of the Cooperative Competition


Authors analyzed a number of management instruments, which can help in carrying out the cooperative competition concept. It’s also proved that the EFQM model completely meets the concept’s requirements. Some features of using the EFQM model are examined.

 

Key words: management; cooperative competition; EFQM model.


Nizhegorodtsev R. M., Solovyov N. A.†† Global Financial Cycles in the Second Half of XX Century


The paper deals with global financial cycles in the second half of XX century, mechanisms of their ascending and overcoming, and a role of global financial crises in advancing the global economy.

 

Key words: financial cycle; financial crisis; global economy; economic policies.


Levchenko N. A.†† Increasing the Municipal Employeesí Professionalism as the Means of the Areaís Staff Potential Realization


The idea of the article is examining the actual problems of staff policy in the municipal area. The elements of a municipal employee’s professional competence and professionalism criteria are considered.

 

Key words: staff policy; professionalism; competence; municipal employee; professionalism criteria.


Starovoytov A. I.†† The Economic Meaning of Improving the Product Quality


The problem of product quality improving is actual for all kinds of businesses, especially at present, when one of the most important growth factors for the production efficiency is improving the product quality. Increasing the technologic level and product quality determines the pace of technological progress and the increasing of production efficiency as a whole has a significant influence on the intensification of the economy, the competitiveness of domestic goods and the population’s living standard.

 

Key words: product quality; development; performance; production system; adaptive process; innovation process.


Shevelev V. V.†† Appreciating the Efficiency of the Industrial Enterpriseís Innovation Infrastructure


A technical and equipment condition of the industry manufacturing in the next decades depends on the industrial enterprises’ effectiveness and activity in the innovation sphere at present. System approach to development and improvement of the innovation activity is the key for successful and dynamic progress of the enterprise in a competitive activity and flexible market situation. This time the decisive importance in innovation activity development is efficient functioning of the innovation infrastructure, which offers daily applying of the scientific achievements in manufacturing process. In addition, innovation infrastructure’s efficiency is one of the basic indicators of the applying scientific achievements’ profitability for the industrial manufacturing.

 

Key words: industry; innovations; innovation infrastructure; efficiency; innovation activity.


Gusev A. Y.†† Foreground Directions for the Innovation Policy in the Dairy Farming Branch of the Regionís Agricultural Sector


Introduction of the innovative technologies and methods to the dairy farming branch of the agricultural sector goes problematically because of the poor financial and economic conditions of the region. Nevertheless, there’s no alternative to this process, if the branch is going to reach the higher levels of economic development. The foreground directions for the innovation policy in the region are: development of the resource-conscious production technologies for the milk production; scientific and technical support for the industry; improving the sales of industry’s products; improving the fodder quality; creating the innovative logistical support for the branch.

 

Key words: innovation; dairy farming; investments; monitoring; technology.


Revunov R. V., Kazachenko T. V.†† Economic and Institutional Imperatives for the Water Management Complex Modernization and the Conversion to Sustainable Development


Typical situation for nowadays is low efficiency the economic subjects’ activities in the field of the environmental protection. This is a reason for the aggravation of the situation, which was called into being with the wasteful system of the nature management, and, as a consequence, a reason for scientists to find the most effective direction of Russian environmental policy development in general, and specifically ― of water efficiency. In the article authors present a model of structuring the control functions of the water management complex in the region and substantiate the algorithm of the environmentally friendly using of the region’s water resources.

 

Key words: nature management; water management system; region; management; water resources; the economic effect.


Kravchenko O. A., Radionova O. A.†† Concerning the Peculiarities of Non-Commercial Organizationsí Managing


The article deals with some aspects of non-commercial organizations’ strategic managing based on the main principles of the governmental policy included in state and regional programs, and using the balanced scorecard. The necessity of developing the enterprises’ information sphere based on the information policy as on a component of strategic planning is paid special attention to.

 

Key words: non-commercial organizations’ strategic managing; information policy of non-commercial organizations.


Koloskova N. V.†† Mathematical Calculating the Value of Currencies, Based on the Generalized Utility Function


When implementing economic activities of any state, great importance is attached to the export-import, which in turn is linked to exchange rates. Knowledge of exchange rates of partner countries with which we have economic relations, helps avoid pretty significant problems that arise in the fluctuation of the exchange rate.

We examined the calculation of exchange rates of partner countries based on data on the cost of consumer baskets in different countries of the world (set the same for all countries) using a function Harrington-Mencher.

 

Key words: consumers’ basket, the quotation of currencies, factors of goods, jq, jq-factor, weight factors of significance, factor of concordation.


Eshugova S. K.†† Inter-Corporation Business Projects for the Regionís Agroindustrial Complex


Some of the organizational and economic aspects of founding out and developing the inter-corporation business projects for the Russian regions’ agroindustrial complexes are examined in the article. These projects are said as possible basis for creating the regional agroindustrial clusters.

 

Key words: agroindustrial complex; business; region; project.


Filippov S. V.†† Evolution of the Approaches to the Industrial Enterprisesí Management, Based on a Sustainable Development Concept


In the presented work author considers the evolution of approaches to definition of some stability types, and its role in supporting the dynamic development of the industrial enterprise.

 

Key words: sustainable development; macroeconomic stability; business management.


Safronova K. V.†† The First-Priority Ways of Developing the Regionís Organizational and Economic Mechanisms for Solid Waste Recycling and Utilization


The first-priority task for nowadays solid waste management is the shift from waste disposal to the recycling and using the waste as a resource. Economic regulation in the field of waste management at the regional level is based on working out and developing the target programs that aim to create an effective system of managing the collection and recycling of secondary raw materials.

 

Key words: nonwaste production; waste; recycling; consumption; resources; landfill; ecology; environment; resource conservation.


Olisaeva L. G.†† Small Businesses of the North Caucasian Federal District


In the presented article author deals with a current state and some problems of small businesses enhancing in the North Caucasian federal district.

 

Key words: small business; North Caucasian Federal District; dynamic indicators; small business output; investment.


Zelenskaya O. A.†† Governmentís Financial Policy as a Way of Making the Innovation Diffusion Processes More Active


In the article author presents the examination of the government’s financial policy affecting the processes of the innovation diffusion and the activation of the modernization changing processes in Russia’s economy.

 

Key words: financial policy; cluster; innovations; competitiveness.


Abramenko I. P., Lavrikov S. V.†† Environmental Imperatives and Social Priorities of the Green Economy Concept


The article deals with some causal mechanisms of the current social, ecological and economic depression. The ideological and theoretical basis for the green businesses is also examined.

 

Key words: environmental, ecological and economic crisis; development of the green businesses; the efficiency.


Popov G. E.†† The Basic Tools of the Investment Stimulation for the Distributed Energy Systems of the Regions with Extreme Natural and Climate Conditions


Development of the energy systems in distant communities is a key factor, preventing the depopulation of Northern regions of the Russian Federation and the preservation of its territorial integrity. Support for this process is possible due to the effective attraction of investments with the help of management tools, developed basing on the prevailing social and economic conditions of the energy systems' operation in the distant settlements.

 

Key words: attraction of the investments; distant settlement; the system of energy management; concession; innovation management tools.


Belousova L. F.†† Time Series Prediction Turnover at the Really Operating Enterprise


This article presents one of the possible algorithms for the trade turnover volumes’ forecasting by the example of Raduga retail and wholesale trade company. The practical importance of the proposed approach to the substantiation of the goods turnover plans is based on the importance of improving the planning accuracy level, as well as social and economic importance of the trade turnover as an indicator, which reflects the state of the national economy, production efficiency and management of the distribution processes, level of the markets’ development and the level of population welfare.

 

Key words: forecasting; in-house planning; the volume of trade turnover; time series; seasonal and trend components; trend identification; TK Raduga Ltd.


Kalinina O. N.†† Estimate and Standard Basis for the Nowadays Russian Building Trade


Author examined the genesis and development of the estimate and standard basis for Russia’s building trade in the last decades. It’s proved that nowadays shortcoming of the daily existing estimate standards systems should be overcome by the development of the universal standards, which ones should be based on the non-monetary appraisal of the projects, and use the informational value theory as a methodological idea.

 

Key words: cost price; pricing; labour remuneration fund; estimate standard; estimate and standard basis; the estimated profit; overhead.


Kanunnikov A. V.†† The Fixed Capital of the Industrial Enterprise: A Kind of the Information Medium


Author analyzed the informational and economic essence of the industrial enterprise’s fixed capital. He proves that using the technological setup concept and the informational materialization criterion for the production systems’ fixed capital gives wide possibilities for decision-making and the innovation management.

 

Key words: industry; fixed capital; information; production system; innovation.


Morozova O. V.†† Improving the Governmental Control of the Production Enterprisesí Innovation Activity: Actual Problems and Research Tasks


The peculiar features and ways of government’s giving support to the innovation activities in nowadays Russia are examined in the article. The features of the innovation projects’ monetary and non-monetary valuating are analyzed. The research tasks for creating the innovation activities governmental control system are formulated.

 

Key words: innovations; governmental control; project valuating.


Kondratova N. V., Okolnichnikova A. P.†† The Features and the Backwash Effect of the Staff Turnover in the Nowadays Retail Companies


The paper identified some causes of staff turnover in nowadays Russian retail companies, which causes are associated with the specific features of the companies’ functioning in the market. Authors determined the possible consequences of this process and how they leveling. It is shown that one of the methods of preventive intervention on the level of staff turnover is working out the company’s organizational culture.

 

Key words: staff turnover; retail companies; organizational culture; corporate culture.


Goncharova I. Y.†† Countryside Lifequality as a Factor for the Integrated Social, Ecological and Economic Evaluation


In this article author explained the utility of the social aspects for the complex assessment of conditions, problems and prospects for territory’s development. The negative tendencies, which point to the demographic crisis in the region, are revealed. A conclusion about the most important social factors for the complex assessment of an agricultural territory is reached.

 

Key words: agriculture; agricultural territory; the complex economic, social; and ecological assessment of the territory’s conditions; population density; population; people’s income.


Gurba V. N., Shcherbakova L. I.†† The Anti-Moscow Sentiment and the Context of the Political Interrelations between the Russian Federationís ęCenterĽ and Regions


The reasons for the anti-Moscow sentiment, which appear during the evaluating the political relations between the «center» and the regions by the Russians, are analyzed. Authors describe the role of the capital in the process of Russian society’s modernization as of the unifying and integrating force. The necessity of creating a culture of mutual recognition for the differences and the redistribution of political competence between the «center» and the regions in the inter-regional space for achieving the equivalent political status is also proved.

 

Key words: political competence; political status; anti-Moscow sentiment; regional policy.


Nazarova O. V., Perov A. G.†† The Impact of an Emotional Intelligence on the Personal Effectiveness of the University Teachers


Authors analyze the relevance of the emotional intelligence concept as the part of personal effectiveness increasing process. They also present a correlation model, which shows the influence of sub-components of emotional intelligence on the higher education teachers’ personal.

 

Key words: emotional intelligence; personal effectiveness; subcomponent; deprogramming; reprogramming; self-control; stress management.


Soloshich I. A.†† Formation of the Nature Managersí Readiness to the Research Activities


The concept of «readiness for research activities» is disclosed and the components of the expectant nature managers’ readiness formation are identified.

 

Key words: readiness levels; nature managers; research activities.


Dementiyeva V. Y., Golovkova A. N.†† Homelessness Of The Minors: Reasons And Prevention


In the article authors consider a social phenomenon of homelessness. The reasons of minors’ homelessness and its consequence are allocated. The main directions of homelessness prevention are offered.

 

Key words: homelessness; neglect; unemployment; criminalization; crime; prevention.


†† 100 Best Russian Higher Education Institutions: The National Contest (chronicle)



†† Ceremonial Meeting of the Russian Free Economic Society (chronicle)




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