Social and Economic Science
Number 4 • 2019 is published
¹ 5   2012 ã.     Read the entire issue (.pdf)

Sychev V. A.   Using the APS Systems and Management of the Machine-Building Enterprise

In the article author reviews the actual problems of the enterprise management systems’ developing. Some features of the author’s approach to production planning problems solving as to the priority part of the management system are also presented.


Key words: machine-building production management; management standards; operational production planning; network models; schedule theory methods.

Sukharev O. S.   New Institutionalism: «Traps», Transaction Costs, Coase Theorem and the Time

The article considers the main problem of the new institutionalism — evaluation of inefficiency. Author analyzes a possibility to provide this kind of inefficiency in the form of a «trap» to describe it either by changing the depth of the institutions’ dysfunction. In connection with the emerging incorrect explanations of transaction costs and the Coase theorem, author refined and developed the basic position of the new institutionalism. The article analyzes the time as a resource for the agent and its decisions. The efficiency of transactions, as well as assessment of transaction costs can be realized by estimating the time as a primary resource.


Key words: new institutionalism; transaction costs; Coase theorem; dysfunction of the institute; «institutional trap».


Ivakin E. K., Vagin A. V.   Analyzing the Basic Ways of Making the Housing More Available

In the article authors review the macroeconomic aspects of increasing supply and complying increasing of demand on the housing market, to find the ways of making housing more available (as a goal of the Federal Purposeful Program «Habitation»). Authors also present a classification of basic resulting factors, which have action upon the level of housing’s availability.


Key words: housing; affordable housing; ways of improving the availability.


Zaretskiy A. D.   The Innovative Ways of Development for Russian Industry as for a Part of National Economy

A level of industrial development in nowadays Russia still is not driven to the world standards of economic relations. Russian understanding of modernization means changing the preferences from mining to processing industries, but this changing requires a new innovation policy, and careful studying of the industrial development as of the historic process. To improve the situation, author requires the government to play a coordinating role at the national, regional and municipal levels. The measures should include preparing of the engineers and the technicians as a primary goal for educational institutions. A curriculum should include the studying of foreign experience in interactions between the corporations and scientific organizations and independent specialists.


Key words: industry; technological innovations; business undertakings.

Pereyaslova I. G., Kolbachev E. B.   Technical and Economic Dynamics of the Production Systems and Its Accounting for the Innovative Projects’ Developing

In the article authors review the approaches to the technical and economic dynamics’ parameters accounting for the innovative projects’ development, and for other kinds of management decision-making, that takes place during the production’s technological modernization. The examples of using these approaches under the conditions of real production systems are also presented.


Key words: production system; innovations; investment projects; technological life-modes; effectiveness of the technologies.


Shcherbakova E. A.   A Brand Component Management as the Way of Increasing the Enterprise’s Competitiveness

In the article author examines how a brand component of the product affects the enterprise’s competitiveness during the industrial cycle. The ways of brand supporting for the each stage of the industrial cycle are also presented.


Key words: brand name; competitiveness; industrial cycle; brand component of the product.


Kurepina N. L., Barkov S. S.   The Role, which an Environmental Component Plays in the Economy’s Security Systems

Author presents an idea of analyzing the environmental safety not as a component of the economic security, but as a part of a unit conception of ecological and economic security. It’s a stable condition of ecosphere, social sphere and technological sphere, which is able to resist social, ecological and economic threats and assure the high standards of life.

In the article authors also present the information about nowadays conditions of environment, show the detected the critical problems and threats for the environmental and economic security.


Key words: environmental and economic security; ecosphere; social sphere; technological sphere; social, ecological and economic threats.

Novik E. V., Sycheva G. I.   Increasing the Machine-Building Enterprises’ Effectiveness, Based on the 5S Concept and Management Accounting Methods

Authors show, that using a lean production concept and management accounting methods is appropriate way of increasing the effectiveness of the machine-building enterprises’ work. It’s proved that effective solution for the problem is using the functional modeling of the enterprises’ basic business processes.


Key words: lean production; 5S system; costs accounting; ABC method of costs accounting; business processes; business rules; functional modeling.


Lisafyeva D. V., Nizhegorodtsev R. M., Sekerin V. D.   Creating the Consumers’ Loyalty System for the Industrial Companies

In the article authors review the different types of consumer’s loyalty and instruments for dealing with consumers, which perform various types of loyalty.


Key words: consumers’ loyalty; types of loyalty; adherence to a brand.


Sukhomlinova N. B.   Landed Properties as an Object of Trade Relations in the Russian Federation

In the article author presents the analysis of the Russian Federation’s land market functioning, as of its general economic system’s component. The structure of dealings with the ground areas is also analyzed.


Key words: land properties; ground areas; land market; transaction.


Sukharev O. S., Melkovskaya K. R.   Discovering the Product Dysfunction in the Engineering Enterprise’s Management of the Product Range Structure

In the article authors present a method of estimating the dysfunctionality level of the engineering enterprise’s product range, and show the possibility of its using for decision-making during changing the assortment policy. The authors develop a concept of functional marketing as applied to machine-building enterprise.


Key words: dysfunction; product range; operational marketing; engineering enterprise.


Besfamilnaya E. V.   Increasing the Ecological and Economic Effectiveness During the Improvement of Production Technologies

In the article author reviews a problem of improving the environmental and economic effectiveness during the modernization of the existing waste recycling and regeneration technologies. A number of substantiation methods are presented for the expenses, which are needed for the modernization on the various stages of the technological process.


Key words: perfection; technology; recycling of a waste; economic effectiveness; ecological safety.


Kormanovskaya I. R.   Efficiency of the Innovative Activities’ Institutional Surroundings of the Novgorod Region

In the article author reviews the process of the innovative activities’ institutional surroundings development in the Novgorod region. It’s appraised about the main regional innovative parameters in comparison with All-Russian activities. The basic positive and negative factors which affect the regional innovative activities are also determined. The conclusion is based on the adopted results of analysis, which show the decreasing of innovative activity and innovative potential level in the region. Author also presents a complex of measures, which should stimulate the innovative activity in the Novgorod region.


Key words: institutional surroundings; national innovative system; innovative activity; region.


Bogonostsev A. L., Papkova M. D.   Valuating the Effectiveness of the Innovations, Developed in the Construction Engineering Business

In the article authors review a methodological basis for valuating the effectiveness of the innovations, which are developed by the construction engineering businesses. Valuating of the innovations’ development effectiveness is analyzed as interrelated to the effectiveness of the whole enterprise, and to in competitiveness.


Key words: valuating of the effectiveness; innovations; competitiveness; construction engineering businesses.


Marakhovskaya I. Y.   A Mechanism of Collecting the Important Information for the Valuating and Managing the Competitiveness Indexes of the Scientific-Production Association’s High-Tech Output

In the article, author presents a structure of the information, which is important for valuating and managing the competitiveness indexes of the output, on each level of its lifecycle. The goal of the presented work is running up to the important level of product’s competitiveness, and developing a mechanism of collecting the important information.


Key words: strategic, planned, potential and market competitiveness of the output; the important information; information sources; a mechanism of collecting the important information.


Reznik A. N.   The Economic Stability as a Competitiveness Factor

In the article author presents the review of informational and economic features, which stipulate the production enterprises’ economic stability and competitiveness in nowadays Russia. The context of review is creating an innovative model of the industry’s modernization.


Key words: production system; stability; competitiveness; informational and economic methods.


Chistova V. A.   Using Open Innovations for Russian Production Enterprises’ Development

In the article author reviews some features of using open innovations and crowdsourcing methodology as applied to the management of Russian production enterprises’ innovative development.


Key words: innovations; modernization; open innovations; crowdsourcing.


Serdyukova E. V., Moskayev S. A.   Modernization of Russian Economy and Problems of Including the Business Undertakings into the Innovative Activities

In the article authors review a number of actual problems, which take place during attaining the aims of the innovative development in nowadays Russia. The role of the entrepreneurship in solving the actual problems of modernization is also shown.


Key words: innovations; modernization; business undertakings; social investment.

Isakova M. A.   What Means «The Outsourcing» for Logistics?

The article deals with the specific of understanding and using such term, as «outsourcing», by the example of the logistics service market. Author reviews the normative and usual meanings of the term. While analyzing the history of this phenomenon and comparing it with other forms of company’s cooperation with external parties, such as succession, rent, paid services, the author educes the specific features of outsourcing phenomenon in the normative meaning of the word. The article also depicts the practice of using the term «outsourcing» in nowadays business discourse, especially by the example of the logistics services market. The author illustrates the course of changing the term’s usual meaning in logistics, in accordance with market changes.


Key words: outsourcing; function; subcontracting; the own function; logistics; outsourcer.


Belousova L. F., Paliy S. E.   Practical Aspects of Organizing the Cash Flow Management Accounting for the Commercial Organizations (by the Example of «Gloria Jeans» Corporation)

The main problem of nowadays Russian economy is the funds’ shortage in commercial organizations. This reason of this shortage is a poor recruitment and inappropriate use of the funds, and limitations, which amount using the effective financial instruments and mechanisms. Authors present a system of cash flow management accounting for «Gloria Jeans» Corporation, which should give a possibility to obtain the reliable information about the funds formation at the centers of financial responsibility. This information should then be used as a basis for effective management decision-making.


Key words: managerial accounting; cash; cash flow management; centers of the financial responsibility; subjects and objects of internal controlling; «Gloria Jeans» Corporation.

Slavinskiy V. A.   Integration of the Innovative and Industrial Enterprises’ Production Systems as a Part of Technological Modernization Process

In the article author reviews the ways of increasing the competitiveness by the developing object-targeted and innovation-targeted clusterization processes. It’s shown that estimating the cluster party’s inculcation level by the informational and economic indexes is an important part of developing a clusterization process. A trial introduction of the cluster approach by the «Isolyator» factory (in Moscow region) is also characterized.


Key words: modernization; cluster; competitiveness; informational relations.

Chepourin P. A.   Organizational Support and Development of an Industrial Enterprise’s Corporative Strategy

In the article author reviews the approaches to creating the corporative strategies by the industrial enterprises in a period of modernizing their production systems and developing the continuous modernization processes as a basis of their functioning.


Key words: strategy; production; enterprise; the strategic analysis.

Fediunin V. V.   Processes in the Biosphere and Substantiating for Rational Using of the Natural Resources: The Economic Instruments for Heat-and-Power Engineering

In the article author reviews the features of the heat-and-power engineering units as of the influence to the environment. Author also presents a list of organizational and economic tasks for creating a methodological complex of ecological and economic substantiating the environment’s quality parameters, which environment is daily affected by the heat-and-power engineering systems.


Key words: heat-and-power engineering; nature management; pollution of the environment.


Zaretskiy A. D., Ivanova T. E., Kleshcheva Y. S.   Region’s «Knowledge Economy» as a Factor of Improving the Quality of Life

In the article authors present some basic ways of evaluating the quality of life level, identify and analyze its basic characteristics and parameters, which determine appearance. Particular attention is paid to the development of region’s knowledge economy as an interlink between «diffuse knowledge» and the acquisition of the necessary quality of life, with the help of regional education and research clusters. It is proved that the basis for the market equilibrium conditions in the region is social capital, which forms the background of the necessary knowledge and provides to the lowest costs level and necessary quality of life level.


Key words: quality of life; lifestyle; subjective quality of life; the quality of economic life; the quality of working life; region’s knowledge economy; education and research clusters; diffuse knowledge; social capital.

Zolotaryov Y. S.   Derivation-Based Managing of the Enterprise’s Business Processes

In the article author reviews a concept of management system for the enterprise’s business processes, based on the principle of affecting the processes’ criteria.


Key words: managing a business process; criteria of a business process; affecting the derivations of the criteria.


Choulanov V. A., Bogomazova K. M.   The Russian Youth and the Labor Market

In the article authors considers some actual problems: the place of Russian youth in the labor market; features college graduates’ looking for work; their complaints and requests for a prestigious job; the factors, which determine choosing a job and «the conflict» between desires and opportunities for getting a «decent» job.


Key words: youth; the labor market; education; career counseling center; work; labor registry office.

Smirnova K. L.   Religion and Economy: A Problem of the Interrelations in Russian Culture

In the article author presents the ways of forecasting the developing prospects of the Russian orthodoxy’s potential capabilities for stimulating the economic growth. It’s also proved that the problem is not the form and content of religious affect to the economy (M. Weber), but in the force of religious habit. So, author makes a conclusion that the problem reduces to the problem of choosing the model of Russia’s economic development: survival models, public welfare models, or artistic creativity model (based on the sacralization of routine work, transforming it into a sacred duty).


Key words: religious values; culture of Russia orthodoxy; the modernization of the economy; the force of religious habit; routine and creative work; a model of economic development.

Katalnikov V. D.   Principles and Functions of the Social Protection System

In the article author considers the essence of the social protection system, the basic principles of system’s functioning, its purpose, object and operating conditions.


Key words: social protection; social justice; the state; principles; functions; workers; society.

Bondarenko V. I., Mostovaya I. V.   Processes of a Regionalization and Ethnic Conflicts in a Period of Society’s Transition

Authors of the article consider some key parameters and motive forces of regionalization and ethnic conflicts, which accompany the transformations of social systems in Russian society.


Key words: regionalization; separatism; administrative culture; the conflict; decomposition; migration; an economic crisis; modernization/unmodernization.

Skorik A. P.   «Fairy Tales» at the National Exam on the Theory of State and Law

The article deals with students’ tongue slips during the state examinations on the theory of the state and law. It is an attempt to reveal the reasons of such mistakes and determine to what extent the students’ acquisition of the knowledge depends on the teaching methods used by professors. In addition, the article proposes some tools to cope with the problem.


Key words: questions; knowledge; logics; overcoming; examples; speech; students; jokes; essays; lawyers.

Kharchenko A. V., Bondarenko Î. V.   Reform of the Pensioning Institutions and the Community and Solidarity-Based Relations

In the article authors review some nowadays tendencies in the pension fixation institute’s development, related to the community development and solidarity relations.


Key words: pensioning reform in Russia; institution of pension fixation; community development and solidarity philosophy; social security’s «mixed economy»; community development; the market as a policy; inter-generational relations.

Dubrova O. A.   Democracy and Feminism: A Kratologic Dimension

In the article author reviews a problem of feminism’s political subjectness in Russia. Author comes to conclusion that to increase influence on policy and to solve gender problems feminist association has to work their way up from integration with government to legitimation in the civil society space.


Key words: feminism; political participation; political influence; government; gender problems; political subjectness.


Vygovskaya D. G.   Fears in Russian Society: Role, Meaning, Functions

In this article the author considers the way Russians understand «fear» and the senses they put into this notion. The results of different experiments such as semantic gestalt, cluster analysis and method of free definitions give an opportunity to understand what fears there exist in Russia nowadays. Also these results will help to realize people’s needs and to use purposeful policy for improving life quality.


Key words: fear; danger; semantic gestalt; cluster analysis; method of free definitions; method of experts.


Levchenko I. A.   Legal Nihilism as a Characteristic Feature of Nowadays Russian Society

This article deals with the problem of legal nihilism in nowadays Russia. Relevance of the topic is identified by the not-gained strategic object: creating a new, legal state in Russia, free from the shadow transactions and bureaucratic discretion. Deep-rooted legal nihilism in the legal consciousness of the Russians is one of the reasons for the crisis in Russian society. That is why the country needs both social-economic and political stability, and legal. In the article author defines the essence of the legal nihilism, its structure, identifies the historical conditioning, describes the current relation to the right in Russia, presents the general way of overcoming this problem.


Key words: the right; legal consciousness; legal culture; legal nihilism; national consciousness; civil society; state of rights.

Ilyukhina L. V., Logacheva E. A.   Health Promotion as a Life-Style for the Student Youth in an Average Russian Country Town

In the article authors review the actual problems of developing the health promotion as a life-style for the average Russian town’s youth (this kind of youth is not well-investigated social group in Russia). Authors show, that the youth in an average country town feels the effect of social differentiation as an effect of provincialism, poorness and stagnation. Authors present an idea, that the most effective, popular and traditional for urban culture way of developing the health promotion as a youth life-style is developing physical culture and sport activities. The idea is based on the specific sociological materials.


Key words: health promotion as a life-style; average Russian town; youth; social stratification; strategy of behavior.


   A Useful Reading for «The Helmsmen of Russia» (chronicle)

   Celebrating Jubelee of the Professor A. N. Dulin (chronicle)

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