Social and Economic Science
Number 4 ē 2019 is published
Ļ 2†† 2012†„.†††† Read the entire issue (.pdf)

Buyanov V. P.†† Actual Problems of Ensuring the Countryís Economic Security

The key tasks for government in ensuring the economic security of Russia are examined in the article. A special attention is paid to the analysis of National Security Strategy of the Russian Federation, the comparison of actual and threshold values of economic security indicators in the Russian Federation, the allocation of real and potential threats to the national economy. The article calls for a debate on the choice of priorities in protecting national economic security.


Key words: economic security; indicators of economic security; National Security Strategy of the Russian Federation.

Nizhegorodtsev R. M., Sekerin V. D., Gorokhova A. Y.

†† The Adaptation of a Program-Target Planning Method to Nowadays Russian Economy

The attention in the article is paid to improving the realizing mechanism of the target programs, which’s goal is development of nowadays Russian economy. There are also invented some approaches to evaluating the economic efficiency of target programs, accounting the multiple effects on different temporal periods.


Key words: target program; efficiency; project approach; government policies.

Kleeva L. P., Vorobyov I. V.†† Strategic Analysis of Outlooks and Possibilities for Abstract Science Development in Russia (part 2)

The results of analyzing the outlooks for the development of abstract science in nowadays Russia are described in the article. A number of social, political, technological and economic factors, which immediately affect the scientific institutions’ development possibilities, are also described. As a resume, the ideas about efficient development strategy for abstract science in Russia are presented.


Key words: abstract science; development of the scientific institutions; Russian Academy of Sciences.

Korotkov E. M.†† Goodwill of an Industrial Enterprise and the Market Economy

The paper reviews a problem of the industrial enterprises’ business reputation, which problem plays a great part in ensuring their sustainable functioning and development. The content of the «goodwill» concept and evaluation of the goodwill content are presented, business reputation types are classified, the grouping of key stability factors is given, a concept of goodwill as an element of business reputation and as market indicator of the financial situation at the industrial enterprise is also examined.


Key words: industrial enterprise; goodwill; sustainable development factors.

Abramovich A. Ő.†† Top-Down e-Learning

A traditional education provides a learning content from simple to a compound and, as a rule, doesn’t take into consideration a basic stereotype of consciousness, which applies knowledge, mainly, for the satisfaction of needs. Knowledge disconnection with a learner’s hierarchy of needs causes slow mastering and memorization of learning content.

This paper introduce to a new learning approach (Top-Down e-learning) that provides learner with knowledge under hierarchy of needs, arranged from simplest to simple and from simple to the compound need. Suggested approach facilitates cognitive activity by providing knowledge in form of schemata, and delivering thus a learner from laborious independent translation of incoming learning objects into an internal representation (schemata).


Key words: constructivism; a key stereotype of consciousness; satisfaction of need; an activity representation; Top-Down e-Learning, and schemata based e-learning.

Kirsanov K. A.†† Economic Security of Education and the Educational Institutions: A Problem of Stages

The paper deals with the establishing of economic security for education and educational institutions as of independent and autonomous research activities. The interrelation between the economy of education and economic security is also shown.


Key words: economic security; educational institution; financial flows; evaluation of the effectiveness of public education.

Aleshin A. V., Nikitaeva A. Y.†† Institutional Platform for Russian Regionsí Innovative Development

The article demonstrates that regional innovative development depends on the institutional environment, which affects the decision-making process, provided by economic actors. At the regional level public-private partnership and non-uniformly scaled companies’ interaction are considered as the priorities of innovative activity development. In accordance with these priorities some steps are suggested for creating institutional environment favorable for development of the economic actors’ partnership in the region.


Key words: institutional environment, public-private partnership; large, medium and small business interaction; innovative development of the region.

Smirnova T. L.†† Development of the Innovations in the Economy and Changes at the Labor Market in Russia

The article is devoted to the analysis of the quantitative changes at the labor market, based on the demographic scenarios of the population in Russia. The qualitative changing of the labor market’s structure in the conditions of intensive accumulation of the human capital and atomization of the innovative and intangible sectors of the economy is also analyzed. Some efficient measures of social and economic policy for adopting the labor market to structured shift in forming knowledge economy in Russia are presented.


Key words: innovation; human capital; state social and economic policy; labor market; economically active population; demographic scenario of the population; innovative sector of the economy; knowledge economy; unemployment; employment.

Cherednichenko L. G.†† World Experience of Exciting the Innovations at the Production Plants

Author of the article examines a global experience governmental exciting the innovations in the industry. Particular attention is paid to supporting the innovation in the industry, and analyzing the experience of the USA, Germany, France and Spain in this field. An important part of this process is creating the innovation and investment projects with the active participation of the production plants.


Key words: innovations; production plants; governmental support; technological policy; science and technology parks.

Tkacheva O. A., Getmanova I. A.†† Foreign Experience of Managing the Manpower Qualification Structure of the Coal-Mining Organizations

The foreign experience of managing professional and qualification staff of the coal-mining organizations’ manpower is analyzed in the article to find the aspects, which can be used to perfect this kind of management in Russian coal-mining enterprises.


Key words: manpower; qualification structure; coal-mining organizations; management; personnel; foreign companies.

Abayev A. B., Petroshenko A. I., Splender V. A.

†† Legal and Economic Aspects of the Changes in New Edition of the Federal Law ęOn Placing Orders for Goods, Works and Services for State and Municipal NeedsĽ, Considering the Proposals of Mechanical Engineering

The paper presents some criticisms o the legal and economic aspects of the application of the existing federal law «On placing orders for goods, works and services for state and municipal needs» provisions, and reasonable proposals for their integration in the new edition of a similar federal law.


Key words: federal law; the state defense order; public contracting; weapons; military and special equipment; the only performer; enterprise provider.

Eshugova S. K.†† Resources, Economic Characteristics of an Agrarian Production System and Cost of the Agricultural Business

The features of the agrarian production systems’ resources are analyzed in the article for the systems, which use the reclaimed areas of nowadays Russia’s regions. The ways of examining, modeling and parameters’ designing for these production systems, and how such ways can affect the cost of agricultural business, is analyzed. A way of risk insurance for the agrarian production systems is also presented.


Key words:: the agroindustrial complex; the agrarian production systems; land reclamation systems; the economic resources; the economic risks; ensurance.

Baskakova T. V.†† The Effectiveness of Perfecting Workplaces and Labor Organizing

The work organization on workplaces as the factor of labor productivity increasing, which increasing is a source of production efficiency growth for the industrial enterprise is considered in the article. The efficiency of introducing the innovative actions for perfecting a workplace, basing on 5— principle, is also shown.


Key words: work organization; workplace; 5— principle; efficiency of the actions.

Magomadova H. A.†† Actual Problems of the Ecologic and Economic Effectiveness for the Development of Regionís Construction Engineering

The influence of nowadays production and economic complex upon the environment is analyzed in the article, basing on the requirements of the country’s macroeconomic and regional structure policy for stable social and economic development. Production of the community, from this point, should be analyzed not only as the fabrication of traditional goods, but also as reproduction of the environmental resources, which are involved in the production processes, and reclaiming the natural environment as people’s possible habitat. A successful realization of this new industrial policy is possible only as a part of stable, changelessly functioning economy.


Key words: a concept of stable development; environment; structural pollution of the environment; ecological re-structurization of the production; ecological modernization.

Mezhevov A. D.†† Methodological Problems of Valuating the Dangers for the Industrial Organizationís Stability

A system of actual and potential damages is a dynamic system. One of the ways of valuating the damages is qualitative and quantitative valuating of potential losses. Authors’ point of view is that permanent methodically-based analysis of the external and internal environment is the most efficient way of the stability management. The methods for this way and reasons for their using are presented in the article.


Key words: stability; damages; analysis; external environment; internal environment.

Kharchenko A. V.†† Pension Reform and Private Pension Funds

The article deals with the basic goals and objectives of pension reform, as well as with development trends of private pension funds.


Key words: pension reform; foundations; international experience; the state.

Volkov I. A.†† An Essence of the Attractor Model of Involving the Investment Funds

A necessity of involving minority shareholders’ funds is presented in the article. The relations between synergetic and economic systems is also shown, some basic works by well-known economists in the field of using the methods of synergetics for the economy are considered, a multifactor model of attracting the investment funds is proposed.


Key words: investment; minority shareholder; synergetics; single-factor model; the attractor model.

Sokolova L. V.†† Factors of Industryís Development at the Present Stage of Technological Civilizationís Being

In the article author identifies some key factors of the industrial growth’s dynamics at the present stage of economic development. A special role is given to such factors as the level of quality and innovations.


Key words: innovative activity; innovation infrastructure; innovative enterprise; innovation industries; innovation network; innovation and cultural environment.

Gubachev V. A.†† Some Aspects of Classifying Rostov Regionís Agricultural Areas, Basing on the Level of Anthropogenic Impact

The impact of economic activities upon the environment of Rostov region is considered in the article. The assessment of anthropogenic impact upon the natural environment of agricultural areas is also taken, and the classification of the impacts, based on the level of anthropogenic pressure is presented.


Key words: Rostov region; integral anthropogenic pressure; agricultural areas; natural environment; levels of anthropogenic pressure.

Kurepina N. L., Kurepina M. V.†† Problem of Arid Areasí Environmental and Economic Safety in the South of Russia

In the analytical review author examines a problem of arid areas’ environmental and economic safety. The article presents the information about the arid zone lands’ present state. The economic aspect of violating the environmental factors is analyzed. A number of measures, which can reduce the threat to ecological and economic safety of arid areas, are presented.


Key words: arid areas; dangers for ecological and economic safety; social, ecological and economic systems; ecological and economic balance.

Khasanova V. N.†† Mechanism of Valuating the Managersí Work

The problem of management personnel’s work evaluation is examined in the article together with the importance of improving the efficiency and optimizing the quantitative and professional composition of this kind of personnel. The results of quantitative evaluations, based on the qualitative characteristics of management personnel, using a complex qualimetric model are also shown.


Key words: managerial staff; pace rating of managerial staff; work specific of managerial staff; working qualities; managerial abilities; competence; personal qualities; psychological compatibility with the staff; moral qualities; managerial ability.

Palagina A. N.†† Actual Problems of Valuating and Improving the Effectiveness of Nowadays Venture Business Support Infrastructures

Actual problems of improving the infrastructure objects — one of the most important parts of small and middle business support system in Russia’s regions. The necessity of standardizing the infrastructures’ work is also shown. The brief analysis of the experiment methodology of valuating the microfinance organizations and guaranteed funds, that are created by the subjects of Russian Federation with the participation of Ministry of the Economic Development is made. Author presents the methodological approaches to the creating a system of the effectiveness criteria, for such an important infrastructures’ element as Business Incubator. The necessary conditions of theirs successful functioning is formulated. The key role of the Management Company of Business Incubator is marked and the necessary elements in its activity are identified.


Key words: system of business support; objects of infrastructure; microfinance organizations; guarantee funds; Business Incubators; system of criteria of effectiveness; Management Company of infrastructure.

Bondarenko O. V., Bondarenko V. I.†† Globalization as the Factor of Modernization Changes

The purpose and the instrument of new economic model formation, which is a reason for getting by Russian society a new quality level, is its modernization. The problem of modernizing Russian society is carried out in the conditions of social, cultural and economic globalization. Article examines the problem of globalization researches as a factor of modernization changes.


Key words: social modernization; globalization; modernization changes; global and regional tendencies; transformation of Russian society; a paradigm of social development.

Katalnikov V. D.†† Problems of the Employeesí Social Security and the Role of Trade Unions

The article describes some features of social and labor relations between the employees and property owners, resolutions of labor conflicts and the role of trade unions in the negotiations between the employers and employees.


Key words: trade unions; workers; owners; labor conflicts; institute; strike.

Lar’kova E. P., Ilyukhina L. V.†† A Problem of Entrepreneurship Positioning in the Societyís Mind in Nowadays Russian Society

The specific character of entrepreneurship positioning in the nowadays informational society is analyzed in the article, basing on the activity approach, social stratification theory, structuralfunctional theory and neoinstitutional structuring theory, in the frames of globalization paradigm. The specific features of entrepreneurship as of a social layer and social institute are considered and analyzed for the conditions of Western society’s globalization.


Key words: business undertaking; society’s mind; social layer; stratification; cluster analysis.

Maximova E. A.†† Problems of the Dependence of a Living Standard from the Exchange Relations

In the article the categories «level and quality of life» are differentiated; the analysis of a living standard in Russia is carried out; the comparative characteristic of economic indicators for Russia and Norway is given basing on the Index of Development of Human Potential; the problems of a dependence of living standard from the exchange relations are revealed.


Key words: living standard; the foreign experience; exchange relations.

Lysenko Y. N.†† Workersí Functional Conditions and Labor Effectiveness

In the article author presents a study of functional conditions, which conditions affect the productivity of industrial enterprises’ workers. It’s shown that a correlation between functional conditions and successful work takes place. The dynamics of functional status in the groups of workers is analyzed; it’s shown how the difference of status becomes reasonable for different level of work effectiveness. The conclusions from the received scientific material are made.


Key words: functional conditions; capacity for work; fatigue; mental strain; comfort in the workplace; sustainability and effectiveness of functional systems.

Revunov R. V., Suhinin S. A.†† The South of Russia: Reviewing in a Context of Global Social, Ecologic and Economic Problems

The nowadays dynamics of social, ecologic and economic processes’ development in the South Russian macroregion is examined in the article. The influence of the assumed nature management practice upon the quality of population’s life is also considered.


Key words: damage to the environment; nature management; environment; an ecosystem.

Donchenko E. V.†† MLM-Networksí Commerce as a Part of Economic Megainstitution

In the article author analyses the nowadays features of MLM-networks in Russia, the participants of these networks (as of a social group), and the interactions between the group members, using the instruments of sociology. It’s proved, that MLM-business should be considered as a special social institute (like a social institute of «traditional commerce»), and a part of the economic megainstitution.


Key words: MLM-business; social institution; social group; the institutional confidence; megainstitution.

Scherbakova L. I.†† Social Structure Dynamics of Wage Labor in Russia

In the article author describes the conditions and social factors of structural changes in the institute of hired labor, identifies the challenges and risks of forming a market economy, presents the periods of economic culture in Russian society and clarifies the characteristics and social habit of the employees.


Key words: institutional changes in the economy; the employees; wage labor; wage labor functions; economic culture.

Gurba V. N., Chulanov V. A.†† Reproduction of Archaic Structures of the Social Organization in Crisis Society

Some social conditions, which become a reason of activation the archaic society mechanisms, where norms of a social order are lost or deformed, are considered in the article. This process is natural and regular for such situation. Authors also determine the reasons of such archaization — a failure and distortion of the fast modernization processes; including the modernization components into an archaic complex; using the primordial to the decision-making bases.


Key words: informal relations; society; crisis; archaic structures; solidarity; modernization; justice; principles; «blood» relations; ethnicity; the North Caucasus.

Chistyakov A. V.†† Social and Communicative Possibilities, Given by the Internet to Educational Processes: Problem of Studentís Socialization

The article discusses the opportunities, given by using new information and communication technologies of creating a virtual educational space. Author also shows some negative results of virtualization in the education and limits of using the Internet in the educational processes.


Key words: education; virtual educational space; software; information; information and communication technologies; Internet.

Bondarenko O. V., Tishchenko Y. G.†† Analyzing the College Studentsí Gender Stereotypes, Dealing with Family Relations in a Typical Russian City

The article presents some principle findings of sociological investigation into gender awareness of present-day college students of a typical Russian city, dealing with family relations (illustrated by the example of Shakhty).


Key words: gender stereotypes; socially-shared stereotyped claims; role functions of men and women in family relations.

Chulanov V. A., Knyazev I. V.†† Political Elite of Nowadays Russia and Modernization of the Society

The article analyzes the modernization potential of nowadays political elite of Russia. Authors state the dependence of the transformational change on the «quality» of the elites and the on the conflict for getting power resource groups in Russian society.


Key words: social stratification; power; reforms; transformation; elites; democracy and capitalism.

Susimenko E. V.†† Critical Genealogy of Russian Capitalism: Using the Power as a Type of Social Action

The article considers the challenge of power entrepreneurship in Russia of 1990es, reveals the correlation between the growth of organized crime activity and introduction of market reforms; some aspects of the theory of power entrepreneurship have been proved by Russian realities of 1990es; the characteristics of the informal power structure of the Russian society are given; the link between Russian criminals and capitalists has been highlighted, the consequences of privatization of defense and law enforcement agencies have been considered. All of them bear witness to the latent disintegration (fragmentation) of the Russian state of that period.


Key words: power entrepreneurship; organized crime activity; the industry of private security services; types of criminal actions; private ownership; privatization; economic efficiency; transactional costs; black market.

Boroday V. A.†† Attributes of Tradeís Institutionalization in the Traditional Society

Author proves that attributes of trade’s institutionalization become apparent as the appearance of its professionalization’s elements, giving of trade activity to some determined social groups, formation of instutialized infrastructure. People’s attitude to the trade corresponds to the spirit and attitude of traditional society. Together with it the elements of social and religious legitimating of trade activity appear.


Key words: trade; institutionalization; traditional society; professionalization; legitimating.

Ovcharenko R. K.†† Management of Civil Services from the Officialsí Point of View: Gender and Age Angles

The article presents some results of a sociological survey taken by the author in Rostov region in February–March 2011 in order to study attitudes of civil servants of these subject of Russian Federation to the processes of civil service reform, the formation of civil service management system, to identify the relationship between the functioning of civil service management system and changing working conditions of officials, to identify the civil servants opinion about effectiveness of the civil service management’s regional body. The data is presented in context of gender aspect and respondents’ regarding to specific age groups.


Key words: civil servants’ point of view; civil service reform; system of civil service management; working conditions of officials; civil service management body; gender aspect; age group.

Pang H.†† Russian Speech Etiquette as a Part of Chinese Technical Higher Educational Institutionís Educational Environment

Students, which are used to live on the territory with any cultural conditions often can’t take the rules and culture of other language, because they are used to interact with each other in only one way. In the article author analyses some practical pedagogic methodologies, the theme of which are national and cultural features of interacting of Russian people with the Chinese auditorium. Some methods of teaching the speech etiquette are also presented.


Key words: Russian speech etiquette; culture; interaction.

Azarova E. N.†† A Search for Indicators of Loneliness in the Structure of Social Well-Being of the Students: the Conditions of Uncertainty

Author of the article analyses a social phenomenon, that’s peculiar to nowadays students — the loneliness, and its value in the structure of social feelings. A number of factors, causing the necessity of the sociological analysis of this social phenomenon are also stated, and the empirical approach to the identification of the feeling of loneliness’ influence level on the social situation of the students is reviewed.


Key words: loneliness; social state; social uncertainty; «risk society».

Gubanova E. V.†† Legal Nihilism of Youth in a Typical Russian Town (by the Example of Shakhty and Kamensk-Shakhtinsky)

Some basic results of sociologic research, which’s goal was to analyze the youth’s point of view to legal system (by the example of Shakhty and Kamensk-Shakhtinsy) are presented in the article.


Key words: regulators of the behavior; legal education; the civil consent; legal nihilism.

Topolyan A. P.†† Religionís Role in Social and Political Transformations of Modern Society

In the article we have considered the influence of religion on social processes in society. In the modern world, religion performs a very important function of preserving national cultural values, acting as a key part of national identity and, thus, preventing the devaluation of traditional values during the process of modernization goes.


Key words: modernization; Russian society; Russia; transformation; social and political modernization.

Vinogradov B. V.†† Slavic Population of the North Caucasus: to the Problem of Nowadays Statusí Historical Analysis

Slavic population’s status in «national» North Caucasus constituent territories of the Russian federation is analyzed in the article within the context of historical peculiarities of Russian North Caucasus formation, the specific character of Caucasian traditional lifestyle and the character of national-state development in the USSR and nowadays Russia.


Key words: Russian North Caucasus; Slavic population; Caucasian traditional lifestyle; titular ethnic groups; parasitical ethnoeconomy; the ethnocratic ruling elites.

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