Social and Economic Science
Number 6  2018 is published
 
6 2018. Read the entire issue (.pdf)

Klochkov V. V. Analysis of the Effectiveness of the Aircraft Modular Systems Implementation and of Their Distributed Production


It is shown that the requirements for promising aircraft, especially unmanned, designed for new segments of the aviation works and services markets, are very diverse, and often it is impossible to allocate relatively mass classes of products with respect to certain indicators or their sets. It is assumed that in these cases, the modular design principle of aircraft is promising. We identified elements and systems of aircraft, where the modular principle is applicable, as well as those elements that will have to be designed and manufactured individually, for which the preferred technologies are determined. It is shown that the production and repair of such aircraft products can become distributed, close to their locations and operation.

 

Key words: aircraft; model range; efficiency; unification; specialization; customization; modularity; distributed production.


Bulatova N. N. Development of Transport Infrastructure Based on Information and Economic Integration


The question of the development of transport infrastructure on the basis of increasing the efficiency of interaction of all subjects of the transport communication system, which is possible only on the basis of their information and economic integration, is considered. It was noted that the formation of a system of information support for the development of transport infrastructure is the primary task of introducing a digital economy into the transport and logistics system of the region. The most important element of this system is a single information space, which will underlie the integration interaction of the elements of the participants in the transport and logistics system. The system of information support for the integration of participants in the transport service system is considered from the standpoint of the content of information flows, tasks, efficiency factors. It is noted that the control of transport flows should occur at three different levels: regional, interregional, intercountry, and the processes taking place in information subsystems should occur in two directions: operational and strategic. A method of improving the transport infrastructure of the region based on the transformation of transport and information flows, including elements of the transport service system, business entities, public authorities, the main stages are proposed.

 

Key words: transport infrastructure; transport and logistics system; common information space; transport and technological system; transport and logistics cluster; information and economic integration.


Vodolazsky A. A. Operational Problems in Labor Productivity Management


The article presents a method of operational measurement of labor productivity and stimulation of its growth. To substantiate the methodology, the following tasks were solved: historically and socially-technologically justified that the basic form of the product to measure productivity can only be the final product; developed methods for measuring the value of the final product and formalized methods for measuring productivity; derived formulas to justify theoretically objective growth rates (decline) of wages as productivity changes and formulated three rules on the objective ratio of growth rates of labor productivity and wages. The practical reliability of the method is illustrated by the materials of the Russian industry for 1998–2017.

 

Key words: production, gross, net, ultimate; productivity; output; wages; the effect of preserving and increasing cost.


Garkusha V. N., Strashnoy V. V. Management of Structural Departments of the Organization in Modern Conditions


Conditions and principles of change of management of structural divisions of the organization in modern conditions are analyzed. The systematic strategic approach to the management of organizational units of the organization is considered. The expediency of such an approach is shown on the example of a structural unit of a particular production company, within which it is possible to formulate key competences of an organization.

 

Key words: strategic goals; centralization and decentralization; principles of participativeness and holism; mission and strategic vision; SWOT-analysis; competence.


Polyakov V. V., Cheshev A. S. The Mechanism of Ecological and Landscape Modeling of Rational Use and Protection of the Reclaimed Lands


The prospects of complex social and economic and ekologo-meliorative development and arrangement of agromeliol landscape have to be based on the modern achievements of science and the best practices providing the greatest efficiency of scientific and technical progress in the field of use of the reclaimed land resources, improvements of comfort of accommodation of inhabitants in rural areas and also ekologo-economic and food security of the region and country in general. In the offered article the mechanism of ecological and landscape modeling of the organization of rational use and protection of the reclaimed lands is revealed.

 

Key words: ecology; landscape; melioration; territory; mechanism; land resources; protection of lands.


Wegner-Kozlova E. O. Eco-Industrialization as a Factor of Competitiveness of the Economy


The aim of the work is to consider eco-industrialization as a direction of economic development, contributing to the competitiveness of the economy. The relevance of the study is due to the need to transition to a model of circular economy, in which the materials and energy of used products or byproducts are re-included in the economic system. The paper aims to justify the need for the transition of industrial regions to the principles of circular economy. The materials of the article allow to increase the completeness and consistency of information about the circular economy. The scientific methods used to achieve this goal include statistical, comparative and cause-and-effect analysis.

 

Key words: circular economy; eco-industrialization; new industrialization; high-tech sector.


Rodionov A. V., Ternovskiy O. A., Rodionova O. Y., Filonov M. V., Berkutov A. Y. Factors of Influence on Reproduction of the Resource Providing of Competitiveness of Enterprises


In the article the factors of influence on reproduction of the resource providing of competitiveness of enterprises are considered. Pre-conditions of their groupment are exposed. Meaningfulness and influence on an internal environment is considered. The traditional system of classification is considered. The specified system of classification of influencing of factors on reproduction of the resource providing of competitiveness of enterprises is offered.

 

Key words: enterprise; reproduction; factors; competitiveness; potential; management system.


Dolmatova L. G., Petrova I. A. Economic Tools of State Regulation of Land Relations


The article discusses the economic bases of land use, the main mechanisms for regulating the land market in the field of agricultural land use, economic regulators of land relations.

 

Key words: land use; economic system; land market; government regulation; management.


Borovaya L. V. Generation of New Knowledge in the Innovation System of the University as a Condition for the Formation of Continuous Innovation Processes


The article describes the features of the generation of new knowledge and its distribution in the production systems of higher education. It is proved that the anthropological model based on information flow management is the most effective for solving applied problems of management of new knowledge generation at the University. The problems that need to be solved for the formation of applied tools of innovation management in higher education are formulated.

 

Key words: higher school; knowledge; innovation; production system; information.


Goloshchapova L. V., Zatsarinnaya E. I., Dovlatova G. P. Practical Approaches to the Assessment of Development of System of the Compliance Control as an Element of Internal Control in the Russian Practice


The article discusses in detail the domestic experiences of the organization of the compliance control system on the example of well-known companies. In addition, the assessment of the existing system is given and the corresponding conclusions on its development are made.

 

Key words: compliance control system; internal control; economic crime; anti-corruption policy; risk.


Voloshinova N. A. An Approach to Measuring of Level of Organization of Forming of Production Potential of Enterprise


The article deals with the an approach to measuring of level of organization of forming of production potential of enterprise due to the influence of factors of production potential. In modern conditions, the main factors of economic growth, the need to restore industries and sub-sectors of the economy in the context of limited financial and production resources, i. e. all that is the potential of the economy, have changed radically. In the strategy of solving the problem of increasing the potential of the national economy, an important place is given to building up and improving the production potential of its sectors, including the food industry.

 

Key words: enterprise; production potential; factors; coefficients; level of production; system of indicators; food industry.


Rebrova N. M. To the Question of Interpretation by the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation of the Family Code of the Russian Federation


The article provides a critical analysis of the positions of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation on the possibility of application of civil legislation to property relations of spouses whose marriage is dissolved, as well as to the relations associated with the recovery of a penalty for late payment of alimony.

 

Key words: spouses; former spouses; joint property; alimony; penalty; analogy of the law.



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