Social and Economic Science
Number 5  2017 is published
 
4 2017. Read the entire issue (.pdf)

Sukharev O. S. Inequality, Information and Economic Growth


At the theoretical level of the analysis, the question of the influence of income distribution in the economy on the rate of economic growth, as well as types of information asymmetry and types of information (general and relevant) on the rate of economic growth is examined. The interaction of transaction and transformation costs with the growth of the information sector is investigated, the influence of the Internet as a technology of wide application, which does not reduce the costs for finding relevant information, but can substantially increase them, especially taking into account the need to maintain the corresponding information infrastructure. This creates a specific feature of the development of modern economic systems. There are also theoretically determined growth regimes, when the growth of information asymmetry reduces the amount of relevant information available to agents, which affects the economic dynamics. A relationship is obtained for the rate of growth, showing that it depends not only on the magnitude of the inequality in the system, but also on the rate of its change, and the level of information asymmetry, assuming that the inequality is not related to asymmetry. In addition, one can consider asymmetry as a form of information inequality, reducing the problem to the influence on the growth of various components of inequality. 

 

Key words: inequality; information asymmetry; Kuznets effect; economic growth; types of asymmetry.


Smirnov A. A., Shichkov A. N. Organization of Sheet Metal Cutting Taking into Account Business Material Resources at an Engineering Enterprise


The relevance of the research subject is justified by the fact that managerial decisions of enterprise managers in organization of sheet metal cutting have an affect on the operational cycle of converting manufacturing capital into monetary capital and obtaining competitive advantages of production. In the course of the work, proposals for the organization of sheet metal cutting taking into account business material resources, which allow to optimizing the structure of technological costs by increasing the sheet metal utilization rate, are formulated. This article contains the results of approbation of the algorithm for evaluating and identifying of sheet metal material resources obtained after cutting. The developed algorithm will increase the sheet metal utilization rate when blanks are manufactured from business material resources and reduce the storage and transportation costs when non-business resources are realized. Also, a methodology for a reasonable evaluating of market value of sheet metal material resources is proposed to provide the organization of management accounting and technological costs transfer to the financial responsibility centers. In further research, it is necessary to disclose the developed proposals for the organization of sheet metal cutting at an engineering enterprise in more detail.

 

Key words: manufacturing-technological system; sheet metal cutting; n-th level material resource; business material resource; technological cost; utilization rate of sheet metal; market value of material resource.


Nizhegorodtsev R. M., Grishkova N. S. The Problem of Market Saturation and the Outlooks for Demonetization of Preferences in the Markets of Services Rendered to the Population


The paper considers different ways of saturation for markets of socially important goods. It proves the necessity of demonetization of preferences for privileged categories of consumers and return to compensation for lost income through direct subsidies for producers providing some socially important services, including housing and communal ones.

 

Key words: market saturation; demonetization of preferences; socially important goods; housing and communal services.


Vlasova L. G. Operational Production Planning as Part of the Production System


The article discusses the relationship of production system and operational production planning and approaches to it in modern conditions.

 

Key words: production system; operational and production planning; improving efficiency; new approaches to planning.


Kulikov M. M. Prospects for the Development of Industrial Clusters in Russia


The given article is devoted to consideration of prospects of development of industrial clusters. The scheme of interaction of participants of industrial clusters is presented. The main directions of state support of industrial clusters are determined. The main advantages and disadvantages of industrial clusters for its participants and the state are considered.

 

Key words: clusters; industrial clusters; governmental support; cluster creation algorithm; advantages and disadvantages of the cluster.


Litvyak R. K., Gaber J., Kolomiets A. V. International Professional Standards in Electrical Engineering (in English)


The paper is devoted to the review of International professional standards in electrical engineering. International professional standards support the framework for suitably trained valuation professionals in electrical engineering acting in an ethical manner. A closer look at some widespread standard systems in electrical engineering (International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO), Multilingual classification of European Skills, Competences, Qualifications and Occupations (ESCO), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), The International Society of Automation (ISA) is provided.

 

Key words: electrical engineering; professional standards; professional standards in electrical engineering; professional competency; professional capability; professional conduct.


Khalfin R. M. Avoidance of Conflict of Interests and Opportunistic Behavior in Management Engineering Company (for Example, Procurement Systems)


The approach to the prevention of conflict of interest and minimise the possibility of opportunistic behaviour in procurement in the engineering companies was described. The steps to improve the procurement system, improve the process of creation and development of new technology, the use of CALS-technologies and the ideology of Agile, were proposed.

 

Key words: engineering; procurement; conflict of interest; opportunistic behavior; the ideology of Agile.


Gushchina E. G., Vitalyeva E. M., Volkov S. K. Manifestation of Asymmetry of Information in Various Markets


The asymmetry of information provokes distortion of the relations between economic entities therefore there can be transactional expenses, opportunism of subjects of the market, missed opportunities. However completely to make symmetric the transaction not perhaps. At the same time there is a need to study consequences of information asymmetry in various markets and to formulate recommendations about reduction of risks for economic entities. A research objective — to formulate models of information asymmetry in various markets. For achievement of the goal the following tasks have been set: to give definition to information asymmetry; to consider ideal models of the transaction (without asymmetry of information); to mark out risks of subjects of a pyk. In the real work with the help of econometric methods external and internal ways of reduction of risks as a result of information asymmetry have been revealed. Results can be used in marketing, at the enterprises when planning transactions. Conclusions have been drawn on specific differences of manifestation of information asymmetry in various markets which have been reflected in the developed models of interactions of subjects.

 

Key words: asymmetries of information; socially important markets; labor market; risks.


Aleksandrovskaya L. A. Features of Economic Efficiency and Economic Evaluation of Agroforestry Activities


In modern conditions development of an agromeliorative complex gains escalating value as this complex in essence has to create favorable conditions for sustainable development of agricultural production in a dry area. Therefore resource providing is important aspect of agromeliorative activity, and the assessment of its economic efficiency acts as important attribute of agrarian sector of economy.

 

Key words: economy; assessment; efficiency; providing; activity; agromeliorative territory; results.


Alieva N. V. The Formation and Structure of Payments for Pollution of the Natural Environment on Reclaimed Lands


In the article the questions of formation and structure of payments for pollution of the natural environment, some aspects that have a sufficient impact on the natural environment changing under the influence of emissions, discharges of pollutants, waste disposal and other harmful effects within acceptable standards and within set limits are discussed.

 

Key words: ecology; economics; environment; payments for pollution of the environment.


Kalinina O. N. With Adistinctly Normative Base of Pricing in Construction: Analysis and Ways of Improvement


The analysis of current estimate base of pricing in construction was held. Discussed changes in the revision database 2001. The proposed approach to improve estimate-normative base, which consists in the creation of effective economic instruments, creating opportunities to respond quickly to the emergence and spread of new technologies in construction and to develop new rates estimate and regulatory framework by which the required size of capital investments will be determined with high accuracy.

 

Key words: regulation; estimated cost; concept; direct costs; maintenance of machines.


Vodenko K. V., Ivanchenko O. S., Zasimenko K. S. Priority Directions of Development of Information Policy of the Municipal Formation (on the example of Novocherkassk, Rostov region)


Article is devoted relevant a problem of local government. The issues related to the fact that in the conditions of realization of the Federal law of 06.10.2003, № 131-FZ «On General principles of organization of local self-government in the Russian Federation» the forms of participation of citizens in managing the Affairs of municipalities expand. It is noted that extent of influence of citizens and their organization on adoption of important decisions at the local level plays a special role in the conditions of modernization of the Russian society. The conclusion that effective activity of local government as bases of the constitutional state and civil society is a key task of the political agenda is drawn.

 

Key words: local government; information policy; satisfaction; social and economic development.


Kostrova N. A. To a Question of an Intensification of Interaction, Social Integration and a Complication of Contradictions in Modern Society


Traditional approach in modern sociology is consideration of integration processes in modern society. The analysis of a situation demonstrates that it is possible to speak about integration only in narrow sense. Actually, a reverse side of increase in intensity of social and communication processes is activization of the destructive potential of contradictions of the interests and other distinctions of participants of interaction. This principle is fair both in the analysis of internal processes, and by consideration of global tendencies of interaction. In article the problem of the mediated influence of participants of social interaction at each other is considered, formulation of the question about negative consequences of social interaction is made, distinction of an intensification of interaction and social integration is carried out.

 

Key words: integration; society; interaction; system; social contradictions; globalization.


Sizukhina E. A. The Urgency of Developing Innovative Technologies of Control of Knowledge of Students of Technical Universities


For the successful modernization of the education sector, actively held in recent years, the Universities have to evaluate it mastered by the students competence. Consequently, requirements to reliability of assessment of the level of professional training and competent personnel for the modern Russian business increase.

 

Key words: competent; competence; business education.



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