Social and Economic Science
Number 2  2017 is published
 
2 2016. Read the entire issue (.pdf)

Shchedrov I. S. Technological Borrowing in the Context of Re-industrialization and Import Substitution


The peculiarities of technological borrowing in terms of import substitution were discussed in the article. It is proved that for an estimation of perspectivity of the borrowed technologies from the point of view of prospects of creation on their basis of new domestic equipment and technology, it is advisable to use a model of technological functions and relations (model O.M. Yun).

 

Key words: import substitution; technological borrowing; technological options; assessment of technologies; the development of production; economic evolution.


Borovsky V. G. The Organizational and Administrative Aspects of the Modernization in the High-Tech Enterprises of the Machine-Building Industry


The article discusses some aspects of the modernization of the machine-building enterprises. The issues of classification of the machine-building industries are considered. This article also contains some author’s proposals to address the problems and the challenges of their implementation.

 

Key words: evaluation of the project; development of the industry; the company’s development.


Novikov A. V. On Modernization as about a Particular Form of Development of Society


In article the approach to understanding of modernization based on distinction of the concepts «development» and «modernization» is offered. Development is the movement from simple to complex, high-quality gradual changes of technologies and institutes. Modernization is the accelerated input of a complex of innovations, some kind of «the accelerated throw». The typology of modernizations according to which it is necessary to distinguish the organic and compelled modernizations is given. Contradictions of «spontaneous modernization» are considered.

 

Key words: economic development; modernization of economy; modernization typology; mentality; economic policy of the state.


Goridko N. P., Ivleva L. P. Dynamics of the Creation of Intellectual Property Rights by Enterprises of Russian Federal Space Agency: Analysis and Forecasting


The effectiveness of scientific and technical activity of the enterprises of space industry can be measured by a number of produced objects of intellectual property. Trends of its dynamics can be divided by type into three main groups: steadily increasing, nonlinear and periodically changing. Each of those groups is described by the closest approximate trend that permits to find modelling and forecast values, which can be used in management for R&D effectiveness.

 

Key words: intellectual property; space industry; dynamic simulation; Fourier series; forecasting.


Petukhov N. A. Current State of Health Care of the Russian Federation in the Regions


Article is devoted to the regional dimension of the health situation in the Russian regions. Anumber of doctors of all specialties, number of hospital beds, morbidity rate in the Russian regions with different levels of gross regional product per capita is considered.

 

Key words: health; number of hospital beds; number of doctors of all specialties; morbidity rate; Russian regions with different levels of GDP per capital.


Shvets I. Y. Methodological Approaches to the Justification of the Goals, Objectives, Principles and Priorities for Sustainable Spatial Development of Russia


The article presents the methodological approaches to the justification of the goals, objectives, principles and priorities of the spatial development of Russia. It analyzes the main strengths and weaknesses of the spatial development of Russia. Considers the key objectives of the spatial development of Russia at all levels — improving the competitiveness and quality of life through the introduction of new approaches of spatial planning based on efficient use of domestic capacity in the context of the external socio-economic, geopolitical, scientific, technological and innovation challenges. Global task of spatial development is the rational use of productive forces through the mechanism of settlement. The basic principles of the strategy of spatial development of the region: sustainable development of territories and regions of the country as a whole, based on the balance between economic, social, spatial and environmental priorities for the territory; the principle of efficient use of spatial development; the principle of systems; the principle of consistency of the strategic priorities of territorial and sectoral development; the principle of creating a polycentric structure on the basis of a plurality of zones of advanced development and others. The main priorities of territorial development: the optimization of the settlement system in order to achieve economic efficiency and social standards of the declared maximum possible number of people in the region; sustainable development; strengthening the role of cities; target management; balance of entrepreneurial initiatives, the needs of the investor and systemic vision for the development of the region; focus on the solution of social and demographic challenges; the need to address existing and potential problems and limitations of socio-economic and spatialdevelopment of the territory.

 

Key words: sustainable spatial development; the region; the goals; objectives; principles and priorities.


Perederiy M. V., Gromovenko A. V. Problematic Issues of Innovative Development of Cargo Transportation by Air Transport


Analysis of the freight for air transport, describes the cargo information management systems, training of aviation personnel, cargo airline, proposed directions of work on the automation of air cargo.

 

Key words: air transportation; freight transportation; training of aviation personnel; automation.


Dolmatov N. P., Mikheyev A. V. Feasibility Study Parameters of the Head for Flushing of Drainage


The purpose of this article is to study the influence of geometric parameters of the head for flushing of drainage on its technical and economic indicators. It is established that the schemes of working bodies machines for flushing of drainage are not always effectively eroded silts. It is proved that muddy sediments in drainage pipes, areas of drainage and irrigation areas have different physical, mechanical and chemical composition. The analysis shows that when the angle of inclination streamforming nozzle changes the quality of erosion and the growth and transport capacity of the formed pulp, and the increase in the diameter of the nozzles affects the flow of water. The conclusions of this article are based on the results of experimental studies of flushing of the drain pipes is carried out in the laboratories.

 

Key words: siltation; stream forming nozzle; technical and economic indicators; the working chamber; the angles; head for flushing of drainage; geometrical parameters; test.


Alieva N. V. Ecological and Land Reclamation Basis for the Change the Natural Environment on Reclaimed Lands


The article describes some aspects that influence the change of natural environment under the influence of ameliorative and water management facilities, the substantiation of land reclamation and water management on reclamation landscapes in combination with the methods of combating the negative processes and the organization of rational nature management.

 

Key words: ecology; economics; land reclamation; reclamation landscapes.


Seroshtan M. V. Analysis and Assessment of Graduate Employment Based on Data from Its Monitoring


The aim of this study is to conduct statistical and comparative analysis of indicators of employment of graduates on the basis of monitoring data, officially published by the Ministry of education and science of the Russian Federation in 2015 by Federal districts branches of science, enlarged groups of specialties and areas of training. The article presents the results of the analysis and the estimation of the position of the University on employment of graduates in the field of engineering, technology and technical Sciences on the example of South-Russian state Polytechnic University (NPI) of M.I. Platov name, which can be helpful when making management decisions.

 

Key words: monitoring of employment of graduates; employment rates; labour market.


Novik E. V., Dudko A. D. Satisfaction with Employment as an Indicator of Efficient Management of Organizational Behavior Employees


The article substantiates the connection between employment satisfactions. The necessity for identification and analysis of critical behaviors in the quantitative and qualitative indicators is proved. Directions of improving the job satisfaction j of the employees are suggested.

 

Key words: organizational behavior of the staff; a sociological study; indicator of job satisfaction; system 5S; the motivation of the staff.


Duvanskaya N. A. Methods of Formation of Accounting (Financial) Statements of the Commercial Organization: Domestic and International Practice


The article gives a detailed analysis of the two most used reporting conversion methods in accordance with international standards: the transformation and parallel accounting. According to the analysis identified the main methodological problems of transformation method and the algorithm of transformation of the Russian accounting statements in the format of international financial reporting standards (IFRS). For the method of parallel accounting developed a model of integration of Russian accounting and IFRS accounting for the purposes of financial reporting in a commercial organization.

 

Key words: financial statements; financial reporting transformation; parallel accounting.


Karev A. V. Formation Features of the Russian Home Appliances Market


The article deals with the process of development of Russian market of household appliances since the beginning of its formation to the present. The data on the structure of the market, the sales volumes of the major home appliance manufacturers and retail chains.

 

Key words: home appliances market; market segments; network structures; federal retail chains; online trade; sales volumes.


Ternovskiy O. A., Makarova E. I. Research of State of Investment-Innovative Management of Enterprise Resources


The article is devoted to the definition f investment preconditions and new technologies needs in agrarian production. Particular attention is paid to analysis of the current state of investment application and innovation in the land resources management. It is determined investment and innovation need in the agricultural land use.

 

Key words: agrarian enterprises; investments; innovation; land; land resources; land resources management.


Vorobieva M. N. Institutional Framework for The Development of the System of Muni-Municipal Property Taking Into Account Environmental Factors


In article some aspects of institutional character which open the main directions of development and formation of system of municipal property taking into account ecological factors are considered. Suggestions for improvement of this process are given.

 

Key words: aspect; development; system; property; ecology; municipality.


Zolotarev Y. S. Hedging of Currency Risks in Foreign Economic Activity of the Enterprise by the Means of Forward Contract


The article presents such instrument of hedging of process function in currency risk management system as forward contract. Technology of value formation and factors affecting it are described. The author’s opinion concerning the issue of value management for buyer of forward contract is presented.

 

Key words: currency risk; forward contract; forward rate.


Monogarova E. A. To the Question about the Financial Approach to the Valuation of Intellectual Property


Discusses the use of practical methods of valuation of intellectual property methods property approach in the current economic conditions as measures of costs to complete reproduction or complete replacement of the object taking into account its wear.

 

Key words: intellectual property; intellectual property objects; assessment of intellectual property; approaches to valuation of intellectual property; proprietary methods approach to the evaluation of intellectual property objects.


Muratova V. G. The Model of Economic Impact Assessment of Intangible Variables of Economic Development on Labour Productivity


In article attempt of constructing a model of assessment of influence of intangible parameters of economic development on labour productivity (using regression analysis). According to the model, the most significant intangible factors affecting productivity are the indicators characterizing innovation potential of the economy and the special costs associated with environmental innovation.

 

Key words: non-material resources; human capital; innovative development.


Soloviova T. S. Socio-Cultural Sub-System: Structure and Role in Regional Development


In the context of the predominant recourse-based profile of the economy, transformation of professional and demographic structure of society, scarcity of highly qualified staff, hindered functioning of the traditional means of social mobility, an important issue is to find the reserves to proceed to innovative socially-oriented development of the country and its regions. This transition is impossible without accumulation and increment quality human capital, which is formed in the socio-cultural subsystem of the economy, which is the object of this study. The socio-economic nature and role of this sub-system are defined on the basis of the theories of systems, regional reproduction, human capital, the concept of adaptability to the conditions of post-industrial society and the endogenous development theory. It is shown that studies of the socio-cultural sub-systems and their impact on regional development are relevant at the moment, because formation and increase of human capital depends on their effective performance.

 

Key words: region; human capital; socio-cultural subsystem of region; education; health public service; culture.


Berestov V. P. Legal Culture of Russian Youth: Methodological Approaches


In the presented article attempt of the comparative analysis of methodological approaches in domestic sociological thought to research of legal culture of the Russian youth is carried out. The author of article proves the provision on the «limits» of the sociological analysis connected with acceptance of basic installations and an operationalization of criteria depending on sociological constructs of «youth» and «legal culture». For the author updating of potential of structural and constructivist approach as on his belief the multidimensional model of research of legal culture of youth is created and that is important, possibilities of increase of its civil orientation are defined.

 

Key words: legal culture; Russian youth; methodological approaches; structurally functional approach; institutional approach; subcultural approach; structural and constructivist approach.


Rebrova N. M. Joint Property of Spouses (Former Spouses): Issues of Legal Regulation


The article is devoted to the peculiarities of the authority to dispose of common property of spouses both during the existence of the conjugal relationships and after the ending of those relationships. The author analyzes the existing judicial practice approaches to the question of the possibility of the application of Article 35 of the Family Code of the Russian Federation at the disposal of the common property of the former spouses.

 

Key words: spouses; former spouses; joint property of spouses; disposal of common property; legal regulation.


Chefonova E. A., Volkova O. A., Mozgovaya E. I. Analysis of the Specificity of the Social Integration of People Living in Urban and Rural Areas


The article presents an analysis of the social integration of people living in urban areas (small cities and towns) and rural areas Prokhorovsky, Rakityansky, Yakovlev areas of the Belgorod region (Russia). Sociological research carried out using the method of questionnaire, which provided the raw data. This article describes the complexity and multifactorial process of social integration of the population in the conditions of the Belgorod region. The study found that the social integration of the respondents attributed to the concepts of «unity», «partnership», «agreement», «solidarity», «cohesion». This article was prepared with the support of the Russian Humanitarian Science Foundation, project number 15-13-31004 and (p) «Volunteering in the regional system of social partnership, based on work with refugees».

 

Key words: social integration; the region; solidarity; confidence; lifestyle. 



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