Social and Economic Science
Number 2 • 2017 is published
 
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Nizhegorodtsev R. M.   The Choice of Pricing Methods for Knowledge-Intensive Goods: Costing, Market, Parametric


The paper discusses advantages and disadvantages of various pricing methods for knowledge intensive goods, boundaries of their using, gives some examples of parametric pricing, its logics and practice.

 

Key words: pricing; costing pricing methods; parametric pricing methods; pricing strategies of companies.


Sukharev O. S.   Methodological Prospects for Economic Science: «Mainstream» and «Evolutionism» (part 2)


The methodological problems of modern economic knowledge, the adequacy of criticism «mainstream» by evolutionary economists and institutionalists, opportunities neoclassical direction analysis and its contribution to economic science are reviewed in the article. Author examined the question of how can the evolutionary economics, particularly its innovative direction, form the basis of the new «mainstream», introduces the concept of «fashion effect» in science, as a phenomenon, reflecting the intensity of methodological discussions, and formulated the fundamental methodological problem of economics, indicating a common approach to its solution.

 

Key words: «mainstream»; «evolutionism»; methodology; the effect of fashion; the fundamental methodological problem.


Petukhov N. A.   Directions for the Postgraduates’ Training in the Russian Federation


Article is dedicated postgraduates’ training in graduate courses. We consider the number of organizations that provide training for graduate students, post-graduate distribution by regions of the Russian Federation, admission and graduation from graduate school in 2000–2013, graduation from graduate courses and graduation with Ph.D. theses in various fields of study in recent years.

 

Key words: postgraduate education; organizations engaged in training graduate students employed in the economy; admission and graduation from graduate school; graduation with Ph.D. theses; received Ph.D. in branches of science.


Korkina V. S., Kukharev N. A.   Banking Infrastructure: Creating the Leveraged Portfolios


The main purpose of the article is description of the technical infrastructure of a modern bank for the formation and management of mortgage portfolios. Authors obtained the purpose of forming the technical infrastructure of the collateral portfolio, the mechanisms that allows for qualitative monitoring of the collateral portfolio.

 

Key words: credit; pledge; technical infrastructure.


Zaretskiy A. D., Khitskova D. V   The Features of Human Capital Accumulation by the Industrial Corporation


The problems of quality of human capital accumulation by the industrial corporations are one of the reasons for the slowdown of the industrial growth, weak investment attractiveness and capital outflows. Authors of the article proposed a three-tiered approach to human capital accumulation process in the framework of the regional innovation system to promote the development and use of educational technology among young people to generate interest in engineering and research. A problem of the corporate social investment in human capital development is also examined.

 

Key words: human capital; industrial corporations; accumulation and reproduction of human capital; regional innovation system.


Tsokhla S. Y., Simchenko N. A., Polishchuk Y. A.   Features of the Youth Job Placement in the Republic of Crimea


The article investigates the characteristics of youth job placement in the labor market of the Republic of Crimea. The current state of the youth labor market was analyzed. Priority directions for the implementation of employment policy were identified. They might contribute to develop youth segment of the labor market of the republic in the new economic conditions.

 

Key words: labor market; youth; employment; unemployment; job placement.


Kravchenko O. A.   Developing a Model of the Determining the Optimal Combination of the Production Factors during the Working-Out the Energy Selling Organizations’ Strategy, Basing on the Analytic Hierarchy Process


The urgency of developing a model of determining the optimal combination of production factors during the formation of the strategy, based on the analytic hierarchy process considering its place in the methodology of enhancing the effectiveness of strategic management in the energy companies is substantiated the structure of the model, which takes into account the peculiarities of energy supplying companies, and its elements are described in the article.

 

Key words: model of determining the optimal combination of production factors during the formation of energy selling organization’s strategy; analytic hierarchy process.


Vinnik V. P.   Human Capital: Genesis of the Approaches to Determination and Challenges for a Scientist


The article describes the genesis of approaches to definition of the «human capital» category; author investigated the need for human capital management from the point of the innovation development. It is shown that the basic way to stop the degradation of human capital in Russia is its extended reproduction ― the increasing return from its use in present and future.

 

Key words: human capital; human capital management; innovation development; expanded reproduction; personnel qualifications.


Skorik A. P., Balkovaia V. V.   Import Substitution Policy for the Small Business-Based Infrastructure Projects: Innovation Strategy of a Certain Company


The article attempts to analyze the opportunities and challenges that exist during the implementation of the governmental policy of import substitution, which is able to stimulate the information projects.

 

Key words: industrial policy; investment; innovation technologies; loans; labor market; economic efficiency.


Prypoten V. Y., Ryabenko L. I., Shikov N. N.   System of Logic for the Situation Recognizing: a Part of the Enterprise’s Controlling System


The article discloses a method for recognition of situations in the controlling system, based on the elements of the Boolean algebra. It’s also shown how the method is to be used to improve the rules of sensing the economic situation at the enterprise.

 

Key words: controlling; recognition system; signs; events; business process.


Vagin V. S., Cheshev A. S.   Substantiation of the Social, Ecological and Economic Detriment, Caused by the Pollution of the Environment


In the article authors present a number of the certain provisions in the field of sociology, ecology and economy that give a possibility for easy substantiation of the detriment caused by the pollution of the environment.

 

Key words: damage; substantiation; economy; ecology; innovations.


Aleksandrovskaya L. A.   The Influence of the Ecological and Reclamation Factors on the Changing of the Environment of the Soil Conservation Systems


In the article author presents a review of the processes that take place during the social, ecological and land reclamation factors’ impact the environment of a soil conservation system, and how the system changes under their pressure. A number of suggestions for improvement of the ecological condition of these systems are also presented.

 

Key words: system; melioration; landscape; environmental protection; influence.


Besfamilnaya E. A., Bandurina I. P.   Improving of the Production and Housing Wastes Management System: Social, Economic and Ecological Challenge


Modern aspects and trends of the society’s social and economic development make us pay a special attention to the role of natural resources in the processes of ensuring the sustainability of production and environmental safety during the use of various technologies for utilization of industrial and housing wastes. The importance of researches and developing of the economic methods to ensure the economic conditions for the functioning and development prospects of recycling technologies and their environmental protection effect are shown in the article.

 

Key words: recycling; waste management; production and housing wastes; environmental management; resource conservation; production system; organizations for the environmental protection; economic efficiency; environmental safety.


Vagin V. S., Cheshev A. S.   Conceptual Basis for Development of the Solid Waste Management System


In the article authors present a number of the certain conceptual aspects of creating and developing a control system for the solid wastes management, they also give an issue of the methodology of an assessment of this process.

 

Key words: concept; basis; management; wastes; address.


Zolotarev Y. S., Alekseev D. N.   The Economic Feasibility of Waste Sorting Production: A Brief Issue


The main aspects of creation and operation of a waste sorting plant are considered in the article. The economic analysis of a hypothetic waste sorting plant that operates in Novocherkassk is presented. Authors also present an economic feasibility of developing the above-mentioned plant as of the public-private partnership. A total predictive gain estimation model is shown for the development of the waste sorting projects and others.

 

Key words: waste management; waste sorting plant; economic efficiency; ecology.


Karpova N. V.   The Ecological Component of the Urban Area and Its Impact on the Environment


In the article some ecological aspects that impact the conditions of environment in the urbanized areas are considered. The territorial aspect of this above-mentioned process is also noted.

 

Key words: ecology; territory; habitat; nature; city.


Cheshev A. S., Polyakov V. V., Veretelnikova M. M.   Organizational and Territorial Aspects of the Agricultural Industry for the Soil-Conservation Systems


The article provides a brief coverage of the organizational and territorial nature of agricultural production for the soil-conservation systems; authors also clarified some provisions of the environmental aspects of the issue.

 

Key words: agriculture; land; environment; organization; production.


Anopchenko T. Y., Savchuk V. F.   Investment Project: The Instrument of Nature Management for the Municipal Unit’s Economy


The idea of sustainable development, that exist as a result of finding out a phenomenon of the natural resource scantiness for the economic growth and production, and the danger of future irreversible degradation of the environment, are now becoming widely accepted among the researchers that investigate the material production. Working-out of the sustainable development strategies and concepts that includes the idea of balance between the meeting of social and economic challenges and protection of the environment and natural potential, developing of the innovation approaches to the accomplishing of the nature management tasks, improving of the industrial enterprises’ rational system for the nature management controlling activities and supporting of the knowledge-intensive and high-tech production are the important task for the nowadays economic science.

 

Key words: reproduction of the natural resources; waste-free production; inputs volume for the environmental protection; nature management funds; nature management objects; structural ecological and economic policy.


Zagorskaya O. V., Nikolayeva L. S.   Social Competence and Ordinary Consciousness


Phenomenon of Social Competence and its role in ordinary consciousness is analyzed in the article. Authors points out the social competence is one of the most important components of ordinary consciousness, and consider it in the context of cognitive interest growth.

 

Key words: ordinary consciousness; social competence; ordinary knowledge; everyday life; social and cultural matrix; social actuality; society; personality.


Bandurin A. P., Serezhnikova T. L.   Rationality and Social Regulation of the Education Sphere in Russia


In the article authors considered the issues of social action, measures of the rational contents of social regulation, the violation of which regulation leads to a decrease in rational contents in the social field of individuals interactions, including education, stimulates irrationalization of behavior and activities in different fields.

 

Key words: social rationality; social regulation; educational space; daily routine; ordinary existence; formalization; outsourcing; bureaucratic rationality.


Rebrova N. M.   Local Government: The Constitutional Principles and Nowadays Development Practice


In the article author presents the analysis of the nowadays practice of implementing the constitutional principles by the local government. The controversies of organizational autonomy principle realization by the local government are also shown.

 

Key words: local government; organizational foundation of the local government; balance between the state administration and government.


Chernykh S. S.   Appearance and Development of the Russian Engineer’s Social and Professional Identity in a Period of the Russian Economy’s Modernization


The article describes the features of the formation of social and professional identity of Russian engineers in a period of Russian economy’s modernization. A special attention is paid to the features of an engineer’s professional ethos, which is characterized by the intension to perceive the development of civilization as a rational project that is carried out under the supervision of a scientific mind.

 

Key words: engineers’ social and professional identity; reindustrialization; engineers’ professional ethos; scientific mind.


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